I think I’d like to have more content up on this site, despite being tied up with studies and life’s other little distractions from research. Showcasing some interesting articles might work for that, even when I don’t have detailed critique to offer myself on their topics. (There might be some drift away from exclusively Uralic topics, while I’m at that.)
For starters, I’ll bring up a post from the evolutionary linguistics blog Replicated Typo: Reconstructing linguistic phylogenies — a tautology?
This is a relatively old post (2011), and yet captures a number of problems that I keep seeing in computational typological studies.
Two comments, though:
- The diffusability of sound changes across lineages means that no, establishing a sound correspondence is not quite the same thing as establishing phylogeny. After all, if reconstructing a proto-language automatically also generated a phylogenetic tree of its descendants, there would likely be no need for computational phylogenetic studies in the first place!
- I’m not sure if I agree that identifying words as cognates presupposes that the languages they occur in are related. There’s a narrower and a wider sense of “cognate” out there: the first is indeed restricted to words related by common descent — but when we’re talking about more hypothetical relationships, the word can also mean “of the same origin thru some means, possibly but not necessarily involving borrowing”. A typical example would be the Uralic and Indo-European words for ‘water’ or ‘name’, for which there is a widespread consensus for some kind of a relationship, but two different camps on how they should be explained.